Different translations emphasize different approaches to reaching that goal. Some emphasize reproducing as closely as possible in a modern language the structure of the original language including word order, sentence length, and groupings of words in clauses and phrases. Another approach emphasizes that meaning in language is conveyed by groups of words working together. If multiple interpretations are possible, it shows alternatives. Even the most literal translation sacrifices literalness for meaning when it must, and even the most meaning-based or idiomatic translation is literal when the literal is clear and readable.
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This base text appears in standard black type. Alternate interpretations of words, phrases, or idioms and other information are placed in brackets in lighter type. The Literals and Traditionals that are not associated with a bullet do not require to be substituted for any word or words in the base text, but are just to be added.
One may wish to read a verse or passage first using only standard black text , then go back and read it again using the expanded material. In addition, he is one of the main translators of the New Living Translation and has served as a consultant on other translations of the Bible including the Message, the New Century Version, and the Holman Christian Standard Bible.
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Mark L. Strauss Ph. Strauss has a heart for ministry and preaches and teaches regularly at churches, conferences, and colleges. Daniel Taylor Ph. He speaks frequently at conferences, colleges, retreats, and churches on a variety of topics. Taylor is also cofounder of The Legacy Center, an organization devoted to helping individuals and organizations identify and preserve the values and stories that have shaped their lives.
He is a contributing editor of Books and Culture. This permission is contingent upon an appropriate copyright acknowledgment as follows:. Starting your free trial of Bible Gateway Plus is easy.
The next step is to choose a monthly or yearly subscription, and then enter your payment information. You can cancel anytime during the trial period. To subscribe at our regular subscription rate, click the button below. To manage your subscription, visit your Bible Gateway account settings. Upgrade, and get the most out of your new account. Try it free for 30 days. Approaches to Translation All translations of the Bible wish to be clear, accurate, and readable. Alternates provide information not possible in a standard translation, which must choose between possibilities for its main text.
There is no bullet in the base text for these because no replacement is required. These usually appear within a bracket. In some cases a passage in the base text is enclosed within vertical lines, indicating what is not contained in certain early manuscripts, as the footnote indicates. Some early Greek copies do not contain this passage. All OT NT. This permission is contingent upon an appropriate copyright acknowledgment as follows: Scripture taken from The Expanded Bible.
Used by permission. All rights reserved.
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Enter your credit card information to ensure uninterrupted service following your free trial. Begin reading God's Word ad-free with instant access to your new online study library. Want more information about Bible Gateway Plus? COMMENT: Briefly provides historical, cultural, theological, or other explanatory information to help readers better understand a verse or passage.
Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Joshua Judges Ruth 4. Ezra Nehemiah Esther Job Psalm Proverbs Ecclesiastes Song of Solomon 8. Each book of the Bible is amply introduced, including biographical information about the authors, authorship controversies, information about the times of its composition, its intended audience, and more.
Each volume focuses on the Greek text, and Meyer uses and discusses an abundance of sources and authors to illustrate meaning derived from the text. Meyer also likes to include important bibliographic material which was integral to his studies and research. Meyer's scholarship was lauded across denominational lines, and the English translations of his works were highly anticipated. With the Logos Bible Software edition, you have instant access to all twenty-one volumes of this important commentary series along with a wealth of dictionaries, lexicons, and language reference tools.
All Scripture passages are linked directly to the original language texts and English translations, and double-clicking any Greek word automatically opens a lexicon to help you decipher its meaning and understand its context. Each volume contains a selected New Testament book in Greek, followed by a detailed and insightful commentary. These commentaries include outlines, verse-by-verse interpretation, historical facts, doctrinal discussions, word studies, and more.
Written in an easy-to-understand style but still rich with biblical exegesis, this collection is perfect for anyone studying the New Testament in the Greek language. A remarkable set of commentaries, this collection features well known scholars from the late 19th and early 20th centuries such as Alfred Plummer, Handley C. Moule, and Arthur Carr. Their recognized authority on biblical Greek leads readers to a fuller understanding of the Scriptures. Each volume also includes an in-depth introduction to the text, providing the reader with a complete overview and history of each Book of the New Testament—their authorship, their canonicity, where and why they were written, their literary history, and more.
Some time ago a Logos employee discovered an old volume in a used bookshop, and, finding it useful, brought it to work to share with others.
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Common to most of the volumes is a running set of notes, sometimes keyed to the verse but more often to a Greek word or phrase. This introductory material is quite voluminous. The page count in roman numerals is roughly equal to the page count of the actual commentary, rising over pages in some volumes Swete and Lightfoot, particularly.
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Valuable notes on the Greek text are provided, while introductory and background matter is omitted. His thoroughly Christ-centered view of Scripture comes through clearly in his extensive nine vol. According to Joel R. Much more than a dictionary, this work provides encyclopedic and theological treatment on all the words in the Bible.
The Church Pulpit Commentary includes work by various important members of the church such as Thomas Arnold who was a supporter of the Broad Anglican Church Movement, English theologian and socialist Rev. The 12 volumes included in The Church Pulpit Commentary include short essays which cover one verse, sometimes two, at a time that the authors view as important and relevant.
By utilizing the Logos edition of the 12 Volume set, you are able to access a complete commentary on the entire Bible in one location. At the beginning of each chapter is a reference guide so you can find the ideal sermon illustration for your next sermon. Additionally, with the Logos Bible Software Edition, you can search each volume of the text for that perfect illustration on the text or topic you are preaching on. Augustine , Tertullian , St. Jerome , Origen , and more.
In addition to Alford's Greek text, this massive work includes detailed grammatical, literary, lexical, and textual analysis of nearly every Greek word in the New Testament, along with comprehensive linguistic and idiomatic notes. The Greek Testament represents an epochal shift in New Testament exegesis. Alford's approach to the Greek text is primarily textual and philological, unlike the purely homiletical and theological approach which previously dominated English language commentaries.
This shift in approach not only changed the method of New Testament exegesis, it also altered the role of commentaries. He introduced German biblical criticism to the English-speaking world, thereby making a lasting impression on the scholarly approach to biblical translation and interpretation. The 8-volume Logos edition of The Greek Testament contains Henry Alford's original four volumes, which includes the prolegomena Alford wrote at the beginning of each volume.
The prolegomena discuss the critical apparatuses and contain introductory notes on the historical, textual, and linguistic issues that pertain to the Greek text of each book. In these prolegomena, Alford also discusses his method of textual criticism, and he evaluates at length the textus receptus and Tischendorf edition of the New Testament and the historical approach to textual criticism.
Many prominent numbers from the Bible—such as , 7, 12, 40—have entered the broader cultural consciousness. But what do they mean? And what does the Bible really say about them?
In the 7-volume Numerical Bible , Frederick W.